Just like traditional pregnancies, surrogate pregnancies run the risk of developing gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a condition characterized by high blood sugar or glucose levels that happen for the first time when a woman is pregnant and goes away after the baby is born. Almost all women have some degree of impaired glucose intolerance as a result of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy; gestational diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to counteract these pregnancy hormones that increase blood sugar levels. Approximately 4% of pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes and run the risk of the baby becoming too big.
Typical symptoms of gestational diabetes include increased thirst, increased urination, and blurred vision; however, many women won’t experience any symptoms at all. Most women will be tested to check for gestational diabetes during their second trimester, but women at higher risk for developing gestational diabetes may be tested sooner. Most cases of gestational diabetes can be controlled with a high fiber diet that is low in sugars. Some women experiencing gestational diabetes may need to take daily insulin injections or a prescription drug called glyburide, which is safe during pregnancy. While gestational diabetes usually disappears after the baby’s delivery, approximately half of all women with gestational diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Although gestational diabetes will be viewed as a complication in pregnancy history, it does not mean you will be automatically disqualified from becoming a surrogate. Each case is unique and every agency and clinic may have a different policy they follow. If you have had gestational diabetes, it is always a great idea to have your OB/GYN or primary care physician write a letter releasing you to have another pregnancy.
While it is a common complication, you can reduce your risk of developing gestational diabetes by maintaining a healthy weight throughout pregnancy, eating a low-fat, high-fiber diet, and exercising regularly. Surrogate Solutions is always available to answer questions and discuss opportunities with anyone interested in learning more about surrogacy. If you have a history of gestational diabetes and are looking for additional information on what this means for you as a surrogate, contact the experts at Surrogate Solutions today!